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[Target Audience: 10 years and older]
Q1: Prof. Munasinghe proposed four principles of Sustainomics as solutions for global issues. Please choose one that does not apply to these principles.
Q2: Wealthy countries have destroyed the environment in the process of becoming wealthy. What does Prof. Munasinghe suggest poor countries do on the road to becoming more affluent?
There are four key principles that underlie solutions to global issues: (1) Harmonizing the sustainable development triangle (economy, environment, and society), (2) Empowering individuals to be proactive, (3) Breaking down and transcending the barriers in our own minds, and (4) Implementing
In sustainable development, rich countries and poor countries should take different paths.
Food for one week in rich and poor countries
Prof. Munasinghe showed that rich countries and poor countries should take different pathways for sustainable development. Here are some examples of such differences that he gave.
The photo on the left shows the food purchased weekly by a family in the western countries, a wealthy country. A lot of the food may not actually be consumed by the family in a week. The packaging is also beautiful.
The photo on the right shows the food consumed weekly by a family in a poor country in Africa. The food looks to be insufficient for this family. There are six in the family and the amount of food is much less than the amount of food purchased by the family in the western countries.
About one third of the food produced around the world is wasted. Although 800 million people around the world are starving, about a half of household food in the US and 30% in Europe is thrown out.
Which family should change their lifestyle? Of course, the family in the western countries should. If they do not purchase so much food, food and packaging waste can be reduced. They do not need to lower their quality of life, and it does not cost money; it will actually save them money. Even if they reduce their consumption of food, they can still maintain their affluent lifestyle. This is the reason that Prof. Munasinghe first asks rich nations to reduce their consumption.
The African family shouldn't reduce their consumption. They need more food and are living under unsustainable conditions. They should have more food, increase consumption, and become more affluent. However, on the way to becoming wealthy, they should take a balanced inclusive green growth (BIGG) path, using environmentally friendly new technology.