Solving problems before they become irreparable
Everyone knows the terms global warming and climate change. Because climate change is the result of global warming, these two are almost the same thing.
The earth's temperature has been increasing at the highest pace we have ever seen. In response, nations have been working together to reduce the effects of global warming.
In 2015, 196 countries agreed to the so-called Two-Degree Goal being limiting global warming to well under 2 degrees Celsius below preindustrial levels, and advance efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees C. The goal was adopted by the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference held in Paris. This is why we call it the Paris Agreement.
Have you ever thought about why we urgently need to prevent global warming or why increasing temperatures are dangerous for the earth?
One of the biggest reasons is that global warming may cause irreparable damage to the earth. For example, it is the loss of melting of ice sheets in Greenland and the Antarctic and the land near the ocean. The ice sheet loss has already begun.
German climate scientist Professor Schellnhuber has worked to understand the effects of global warming.
He used his background as a physicist to analyze the mechanisms of global warming and predicted that the earth would suffer irreparable damage if the temperature continues to rise. He has pressed for us to take steps to reduce the temperature increase to below 2 degrees C to prevent such damage.
The endeavors mentioned above led to the Two-Degree Goal included in the Paris Agreement.